Project Tiger: A Case Study On Jim Corbet National Park
It is a known scientific fact that habitat diversity is the leading factor that effectively facilitates growth of different species of fauna anywhere on planet earth and Corbett Tigers Reserve is no exception. This is because it features an array of fauna. Jim Corbett National Park has been popular since time immemorial because of its resident tigers. It happens to be the first Indian national park in and therefore the oldest as logic would dictate. It is among the 9 existing tiger reserves that were designed and built during the pompous launch of the famous Project Tiger back in the year 1973.
The Indian national park has a rich historical background that dates back to the early 1800. That was the time when the forest where the Indian national park is located were strictly private property. These were the Tehri Garhwal’s rules.
During the 1820s, this portion of the state was issued to be a part of the jurisdiction of the British Rulers. This was a form of gratitude that was directed to them in regard to the valuable assistance they provided at the trying period of the Gurkha invasion. It is only through their help that victory was realized.
In 1858, Major Ramseyin spearheaded the very first efforts that were aimed at offering the much needed protection to the vulnerable forest on the Corbett National Park. The Forest Department assumed control of the entire area and proceeded to declare it to be a Reserve Forest under the Forest Act in the year 1879. This meant that no unauthorized activity especially those that degraded the forest were to be carried out on the Corbett National Park.
In 1934, Governor Malcom Hailey offered his full support for the proposal and officially declared it a Reserve Forest by law. On the 6th day of August in the year 1936, the famous U.P National Park Act was successfully enacted to name Hailey National Park after Governor Malcom Hailey. It is after this historic event that it went ahead to become the very first National Park in India. It was also the third National Park to be established in the globe with a substantive area of approximately 325 sq.kms.
The year 1972 saw the successful enactment of the Wildlife Protection Act. The Jim Corbet National Park was among the leading National Parks to embrace Project Tiger which was conservation project that was sponsored by the government to save tigers and their natural habitats. This was on the historical date of 1st April in the year 1973.
The year 1991 saw the expansion of the area that the reserve occupied so as to include the Sonandi Wildlife Sanctuary. Currently, the Corbett National Park is among the top examples of conservation efforts. It has been ranked as the best Tiger Reserve and Protected Forest on the entire globe.
In the beginning, Project Tiger kicked off with a Tiger Reserve that covered an area of only 16,339 sq.km and a tiger population of 268. As we speak, there are twenty seven Tiger Reserves that cover a total area of 37761 sq. km with some 1498 tigers. The total area of the Tiger Reserves constitutes to approximately 1.14% of the country’s entire geographical area.
The tiger population in the country has exponentially from under two thousand tigers to a population of nearly four thousand at the time the Project Tiger was being launched.
1. The main aim of the project is to guarantee that India has a tiger population that is viable.
2. The primary aim is to make site specific eco-development and wildlife management protection measures inclusive the elaborate scheme. This is in a bid to decrease the high dependency the local communities have on the resources of the Tiger Reserves.
The research techniques that were used in the comprehensive study are discussed under the following subheadings:
The main data that was utilized in the study was collected by way of a questionnaire that had a sample size of a hundred people hailing Jim Cornet in India. This was prepared so as to establish the total area that is being used for Project Tiger since its inception. The secondary data was obtained from a number of sources such as books, magazines, newspaper, internet and even brochures.
Conclusion and recommendation
In the compilation of this document, it is quite evident that there is a myriad of problems that plague all of our nineteen Project Tiger reserves. These are the sources of fresh air that support life in our subcontinents and are therefore critical to the survival and continued existence of mankind. From the time that Project Tiger started a while back, India’s population has swelled by about three hundred million people and close to a hundred million livestock.
Each and every Tiger Reserve is threatened by rising biotic pressure and that is the main reason why the total reserve area has decreased and there is no significant increase in the reserve’s total area.
Eco-development plans that are site specific are being formulated to guarantee the involvement of the local communities in protection measures of these valuable natural resources.
Our aim is to guarantee their continued survival, decrease the pressures they are experiencing and establish good relations between the local communities and all of the nineteen Tiger Reserves.
Neither the Tiger Reserves nor the biodiversity that thrives in them shall be commercially exploited, used as sites for the construction of dams or for any other projects regardless of their magnitudes. Each of the Tiger Reserves faces threats from smugglers and poachers.
Trade in tiger bones is a thriving business in the Far East India will therefore take the necessary steps to guarantee the safety of her tigers and will go an extra mile to ask all communities in the world to withdraw support for the medicinal use of tiger-bones in the Far East.
A fresh strategy will be rolled out to reinforce the protection that is already being provided in the Tiger Reserves with regard to new pressures experienced as well as effective legal procedures that are being formulated for a timely and quick action.
In a majority of Tiger Reserves, the estimation of population with regard to predators and their corresponding prey base leaves a lot to be desired as they suffer from gross margins of errors as a result of either under or over estimation. This is regardless of the fact that the pug mark technique has challenges of field implementation in several areas. In many areas, the population of tigers have already reached their peak capacity or at least appear to do so in the first 5 years.
Tigers are a sign of the wilderness and an indication of the good health of the eco-system as a whole. Through tiger conservation efforts the eco-system is conserved as well. Wilderness conservation is vital to maintenance of life on earth and continued survival of man.
All forms of biotic disturbances and human exploitation should be eliminated from the Tiger Reserves. There should be constant monitoring of floral and faunal changes that occur over time by carrying out extensive research on wildlife.
1. Jim Corbetts India, Stories selected by R E Hawkins
2. Jungle Lore by Col. Corbett.
3. Jim Corbetts India (OIP)